Establishment of Resilient Urban Village for Disaster (Kelurahan Tangguh Bencana/Katana) Jabungan, Semarang City

Indonesia is vulnerable to disasters amid climate change and the high rate of urbanization. According to the World Bank, Indonesia is ranked 12th out of 35 countries with a high risk of casualties and economic losses due to the impact of various types of disasters (Ministry of Finance, 2019). According to the Indonesian Disaster Data and Information (DIBI) issued by the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), the number of disaster events and victims, both material and human, has also increased. This is because Indonesia has geological, geographical, hydrological, demographic, and sociological conditions that make it vulnerable to natural, non-natural, and social disasters (Perka BNPB No 1/2012).

BNPB, through the Directorate of Preparedness, Deputy for Prevention, 2012 has initiated a development process in the context of disaster risk reduction through a community empowerment approach. The program with the title Disaster Resilient Village (Destana/Katana) is a community-based risk management program with the hope that the community will not only become the object of the process but can be actively involved in assessing, analyzing, handling, monitoring, and evaluating disaster risk reduction effort in the region by maximizing existing local resources (BNPB, 2021). Until 2021, there are already 22 Katana in Semarang City, both through the support from the APBD and APBN.

In 2022, IKUPI becomes a partner of the Disaster Management Agency of Semarang City as a facilitator for establishing the Katana Jabungan. This activity was carried out through participatory discussions with relevant stakeholders in Jabungan Urban Village. Katana includes a series of processes from the disaster identification stage to disaster risk reduction efforts planning. Katana is expected to encourage disaster risk reduction efforts at the Urban Village level with the active participation of all regional stakeholders. The involvement of various stakeholders in disaster management efforts is very necessary considering that information, experience, and perceived impacts may differ from one another.

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